Trade Defence Investigations

Unfair trade or trade barrier – Challenge to market access – Living with the outcomes

The EU is one of the most important users of trade defence measures to regulate inbound trade. EU Trade defence measures include anti-dumping, anti-subsidy and safeguard measures. Increasingly, we also advise on issues of circumvention and related customs compliance.

Although trade defence investigations concern only a very small percentage of global trade in goods, the issues for companies affected are generally business critical.


Our expertise includes representing exporting producers and increasingly EU-based importers. Achieving success for our clients often means the difference between selling in the EU and being forced off the market. Globalisation has impacted on trade defence with more and more countries relying on investigations to manage perceived “unfair” trade. This has led to GCO supporting clients in trade defence investigations in third countries including USA, India, China and Indonesia.

Our wide expertise covers:

  • Representing producers, importers and traders
  • Representing clients during investigations
  • Pro-active use of trade defence reviews
  • Advising on trading risks
  • Customs procedures including refund applications
  • Court based challenges to final measures.